The Three Religions


Peace and Brotherhood

By Dr. Asher Eder

Co-Founder Islam-Israel Fellowship


   In accordance with the respective Holy Scriptures of the three ”Abrahamic Religions”, the latter could and should live in peace and brotherhood, instead of vying; downgrading; fighting; or missionizing one the other.

   If we trace back to the original texts of the Koran and of the Paulinic writings, and try to understand them according to their own testimonies as complying with the “Book”, i.e. the Hebrew Bible, we would see that these three books are not contradicting, notwithstanding that they ordain different rites for their respective followers. That is, as soon as Jews, Christians, and Moslems, would come to understand their respective books as integral parts of the one Divine Truth, we could find, and play in unison, every one of us our roles like different members of an orchestra who play under their one director.

   The idea of an orchestra playing under one director, is taken from some Psalms where one of God’s epithets is indeed menatzeah (usually rendered in English translations as “Chief Musician”; e.g. Ps. 67): it actually refers to the Most High who directs the course of the events unto His final government and peace. (See also Is. 41:1-4).

               Let’s have a look at the relevant Scriptures:

A) The Jewish Morning Service [Shaharit] has the following prayer, based upon Is. 6:3, and Ezek. 3:12. The relevant passages read:

            “Blessed art Thou, Lord our God, King of the universe, Former of light and Creator of darkness, who makest peace and createst evil … All shall thank Thee; all shall praise Thee; all shall declare: There is none holy like the Lord! All shall forever extol Thee, Creator of all. Thou, o God, givest light to the whole world and to its inhabitants whom Thou hast created in mercy. In mercy Thou givest light to the earth and to those who dwell on it; in thy goodness Thou renewest the work of creation every day, constant … they all do with apprehension and reverence the will of their Creator; they all open their mouths in holiness and purity, in poesy and melody, and bless, and praise, and glorify, and revere, and sanctify, and enthrone the Name of God, the great, mighty, and aw-inspiring King, holy is He.

            They all accept unto themselves the rule of the Kingdom of Heavens, one from the other, and give leave to one another to hallow their Creator. In gratification, with purified speech and sacred melody, they all exclaim in unison and reverence:

Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God of Hosts:

The whole earth is full of His glory.

  Then the celestial ofanim [=type of ministering angels] and the hayoth haKodesh [=type of holy beings], rising with a loud sound toward the seraphim, respond with praise, and say:

“Blessed be the glory of the Lord from His abode”

   The threefold “Holy”, taken from Is. 6:3, could be understood in a way that each of the three Abrahamic religions: Judaism; Christianity; Islam; may under the guidance of its respective angel say its “Holy”, i.e. the Praise of the Most High, not in deviations from its respective scripture; and not in dissonance, but in purified and harmonious language [[as an expression of purified heart and thought]], in consonance and unison with one another to the praise of the One Lord of all. It would honor His Name infinitely, in contrast to waging “Holy Wars”; and would not put anyone to shame: Grace and Truth would meet, and Righteousness and Peace would kiss each other, as said in Ps. 85:10.

   Significantly, that threefold “Holy” sung in pure speech hallowing the One Creator of all, is according to the Celestial Beings to be directed to the “Lord from His Abode” (מקומו). While His Abode cannot be confined to any specific place by us humans, He has yet ordained Mount Moriah as the place of the Dwelling of His Name, and of our direction of worship (1.Kings 8:26-30; 2.Chron. 3:1;  Ps. 133;  et al).

   Drawing the conclusion, Prophet Isaiah foresees, and foretells, in his famous prophecy:

“… and many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will go in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem… O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of the Lord” (Is. 2:3-5).

   Then will the well-known word of the Psalm come to its fulfillment even in regard of the nations:

          “Behold, how good and pleasant it is for brethren

            to sit together also in unison” (Ps. 133:1).

   Not merely dwelling side by side would do, rather, a spiritual togetherness in unison based upon the words of the Prophets as pre-condition for true peace and brotherhood of Abraham’s descendents is required.

   Consequently, Apostle Paul writes (in Rom. 15:9, quoting from Deuter. 32:43):

            “Rejoice, you nations, with His people”.

   And the Koran enjoins:

            “To every one of you [=Jews; Christians; Muslim], We have appointed a right way and an open road. If God had willed, He would have made you one nation; but that He may try you in that has come to you. So be you forward in good works; unto God shall you return, all together; and He will tell you of that were you were at variance” (Sura “The Table, 53; et al);

            “…every nation will be summoned to its Book” (Sura “Hobbling”, 28)

    (quoted from  “The Koran Interpreted”  by A. J. Arberry, Oxford University Press).                                                                                                           



For more details, see my articles:

a) “The Parable of the Olive Tree …” (Epistles to the Romans, chpt.11)

b) “Peace is possible between Ishmael and Israel according to Koran and Tanakh”

                      Dr. Asher Eder, e-mail: